• Funding the Acquisition: The Nuts and Bolts of Debt Financing

    featuring Steve Groya, Aldine Capital Partners

    published: 21 Jul 2016
  • Raising bank finance to fund acquisitions

    Michael describes how Morgan Cradock helped two clients to raise capital. The first being ATSA that tripled group revenues with an acquisition and bank finance. The second being GPV Property that secured $1.5m in equity capital in 30 days.

    published: 12 Feb 2012
  • Interview with Andrew Heinrich, Director of Acquisitions, Strategic Venture Fund, HK

    Interview with Andrew Heinrich, Director of Acquisitions, Strategic Venture Fund, HK at Mining Investment China

    published: 27 Oct 2017
  • Asset stripping can help fund acquisitions

    Buying a Business 12: You can strip unneeded assets out of both the acquirer and target firms to pay for acquisitions and streamline the businesses.

    published: 30 Jun 2008
  • Porta Communications CEO would not consider placing to fund acquisitions at current share price

    “Until we can get a share price that recognises what we’re doing and how we’re outperforming the market, I do not see it as an opportunity of raising equity in the market.” Those are the comments of David Wright, the chief executive of Porta Communications (LON:PTCM), who says that while there are acquisition targets out there, the PR and communications group “would have to be a bit more creative how we get our money”.

    published: 11 Feb 2015
  • Hedge Fund Merger Arbitrage Strategy - Speculating on Pending Mergers/Acquisitions Part 3 🙋

    Hedge Fund Strategy: Mergers & Takeovers Arbitrage. http://www.financial-spread-betting.com/Spread-trading-faqs.html PLEASE LIKE AND SHARE THIS VIDEO SO WE CAN DO MORE! Hedge funds trading strategies - hedge funds will implement specific strategies and bolt them into each individual fund they have and one of the things they do is merger arbitrage. Merger Arbitrage Strategy Explained. This is basically trading in companies involved in pending mergers/acquisitions The way I understand it is that when a company X bids to acquire another company Y the price of x will typically trade at a discount to the offered price because it is not certain that the deal will go thru. A hedge fund will calculate their risk:reward and may decide to buy company X because they believe there is a high chan...

    published: 12 Jan 2018
  • Kotak Mahindra may use SMBC stake sale proceeds to fund acquisitions

    Kotak Mahindra Bank has said Japan's Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corp will acquire 4.5 per cent stake, worth Rs 1,366 crore in the bank. Post the stake sale, the market is abuzz with Kotak Mahindra Bank scouting for possible targets in the domestic market.

    published: 01 Jul 2010
  • 10. Review: Private Equity, Direct Investing, Fund Investing, Co-investing and Secondary Investing

    Review: Private Equity, Direct Investing, Fund Investing, Co-investing and Secondary Investing Investors can invest in private equity in four different ways: Directly, funds, co-investments and secondaries. Direct investing is when an investor directly invests in private companies. It could be buying the entire company or a minority investment. Fund investing is when an investor goes to a private equity fund and the private equity fund buys companies on the investor’s behalf. Co-investing is the most complicated option. For example, an investor invests $50 million in a private equity fund with co-investment rights, meaning that when the fund looks for opportunities it can allow the investor to participate not only through the fund, but directly as well. An example of this would be w...

    published: 07 Jun 2016
  • Acquisitions with shares | Stocks and bonds | Finance & Capital Markets | Khan Academy

    Mechanics of a share-based acquisition. Created by Sal Khan. Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/core-finance/stock-and-bonds/mergers-acquisitions/v/price-behavior-after-announced-acquisition?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=financeandcapitalmarkets Missed the previous lesson? Watch here: https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/core-finance/stock-and-bonds/dilution-tutorial/v/stock-dilution?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=financeandcapitalmarkets Finance and capital markets on Khan Academy: Companies often buy or merge with other companies using shares (which is sometimes less intuitive than when they use cash). This tutorial walks through the mechanics of how this happens and details what is likely to happen in ...

    published: 12 May 2011
  • The Funding Structure of Mergers and Acquisitions

    Deal Flow, the show that tracks merger and acquisition activity in Africa and beyond. Tonight Deal Flow looks at the funding structure of M&A deals in South Africa. How has the degree of debt put into deals shifted in recent years? And, with mooted TAX changes on acquisition funding, what is the prognosis for highly geared deals?

    published: 09 Jul 2013
  • Value-Added Real Estate Private Equity Case Study

    In this Value-Added Real Estate Private Equity Case Study tutorial video, you'll learn what to expect in real estate private equity case studies and you'll get an example of a real value-added RE PE case study with the solution file and a walk-through of the key points. Please get all the files and the textual description and explanation here: http://www.mergersandinquisitions.com/value-added-real-estate-private-equity-case-study/ Table of Contents: 2:41 Part 1: The Types of RE PE Case Studies 5:19 Part 2: This Case Study and What Makes It Tricky 12:40 Part 3: Why Excel is Horrible for This Case Study 16:59 The Scenarios in This Model 17:51 Part 4: The Property Model and Returns Analysis 26:39 Part 5: The Investment Recommendation 28:37 Recap and Summary Part 1: The Types of RE ...

    published: 30 Sep 2015
  • Price behavior after announced acquisition | Finance & Capital Markets | Khan Academy

    Stock Price Behavior After Announced Acquisition with Shares. Created by Sal Khan. Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/core-finance/stock-and-bonds/mergers-acquisitions/v/simple-merger-arb-with-share-acquisition?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=financeandcapitalmarkets Missed the previous lesson? Watch here: https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/core-finance/stock-and-bonds/mergers-acquisitions/v/acquisitions-with-shares?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=financeandcapitalmarkets Finance and capital markets on Khan Academy: Companies often buy or merge with other companies using shares (which is sometimes less intuitive than when they use cash). This tutorial walks through the mechanics of how this happens a...

    published: 12 May 2011
  • Investment Banking Interview Preparation

    This is an overview of what to expect in a first round investment banking interview.

    published: 15 Jan 2015
  • Tristan Walker: ‘No one wants to fund e-commerce companies anymore’ | Code Commerce 2017

    When Tristan Walker decided to raise venture capital money for his new startup, a health and beauty company that makes products for people of color, the fact that he was running a tech company — not a retail company — was key. “When I started, I said we’re a tech company. That’s bullshit,” Walker said at Recode’s Code Commerce conference in Las Vegas. “If you go to any kind of venture capital firm on Sand Hill Road and you say you want to build a retail business, you’re not going to raise any money. So to say that you’re a direct-to-consumer e-commerce business focused on subscriptions ... it allows us to really talk about how we kind of focused on tech.” That strategy worked. Walker’s startup, Walker & Company, has raised $33 million from well-known VC firms like Andreessen Horowitz and...

    published: 22 Mar 2017
  • Basic leveraged buyout (LBO) | Stocks and bonds | Finance & Capital Markets | Khan Academy

    The mechanics of a simple leveraged buy-out. Created by Sal Khan. Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/core-finance/stock-and-bonds/bonds-tutorial/v/corporate-debt-versus-traditional-mortgages?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=financeandcapitalmarkets Missed the previous lesson? Watch here: https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/core-finance/stock-and-bonds/mergers-acquisitions/v/simple-merger-arb-with-share-acquisition?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=financeandcapitalmarkets Finance and capital markets on Khan Academy: Private equity firms often borrow money (use leverage) to buy companies. This tutorial explains how they do it and pay the debt. About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instruc...

    published: 12 May 2011
  • Trifon Says IPO to Fund New Technolgy Acquisitions: Video

    Aug. 11 (Bloomberg) -- Gal Trifon, chief executive officer for MediaMind Technologies Inc., talks about the company's initial public offering and growth strategy. Trifon speaks with Margaret Brennan on Bloomberg Television's "InBusiness." (Source: Bloomberg)

    published: 23 Mar 2012
  • Special Purpose Acquisition Company (SPAC) Explained

    What is a special purpose acquisition company (SPAC)? What is a blank check company? Both a SPAC and blank check company are publicly-traded shell companies that raise collective investment funds through an initial public offering (IPO) in the form of a blind pool. The funds are placed into a trust until an acquisition is made or a predetermined period of time elapses and the fund is liquidated. A SPAC can be used in two different ways; 1) As an alternative investment vehicle where investors can participate alongside an experienced PE investor or management team in making a value-oriented acquisition 2) As a vehicle to complete a reverse merger and take a private company public in a much cheaper and more profitable way for current owners There are many considerations and questions that ...

    published: 12 Oct 2017
  • Merger Model: Cash, Debt, and Stock Mix

    In this merger model lesson, you'll learn how a company might decide what mix of cash, debt, and stock it might use to fund... By http://breakingintowallstreet.com/ "Financial Modeling Training And Career Resources For Aspiring Investment Bankers" ... might use to fund a merger or an acquisition - and you'll understand how to determine the appropriate amount of each one in a deal. 2:24 General Order of Funding for M&A Deals 4:49 Cash - How Much Can You Use? 9:56 Debt - How Much Can You Use? 14:08 Stock - How Much Can You Use? 16:32 Exceptions 18:03 Recap and Summary How Do You Determine the Cash / Stock / Debt Mix in an M&A Deal? Very common interview question, and you also need to know it for what you do on the job. 3 ways to fund a company, and to fund acquisitions of other companies...

    published: 21 Oct 2014
  • Hedge fund strategies: Merger arbitrage 1 | Finance & Capital Markets | Khan Academy

    Simple case of merger arbitrage when there is an all cash acquisition. Created by Sal Khan. Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/core-finance/investment-vehicles-tutorial/investment-consumption/v/risk-and-reward-introduction?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=financeandcapitalmarkets Missed the previous lesson? Watch here: https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/core-finance/investment-vehicles-tutorial/hedge-funds/v/hedge-fund-strategies-long-short-2?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=financeandcapitalmarkets Finance and capital markets on Khan Academy: Hedge funds have absolutely nothing to do with shrubbery. Their name comes from the fact that early hedge funds (and some current ones) tried to "hedge" their exposure...

    published: 11 May 2011
  • LBO Model - Add-On Acquisitions (Dell Case Study)

    In this tutorial, we walk through Silver Lake's $24 billion leveraged buyout of Dell and explain the tasks you might have to complete if you were to analyze this deal as part of a case study in a private equity interview. By http://www.mergersandinquisitions.com/ "Discover How To Break Into Investment Banking or Private Equity, The Easy Way" In Part 4 of the case study, we walk you through how to find information to make the appropriate assumptions for potential post-buyout add-on acquisitions after the initial leveraged buyout closes, and why some of our sources contradict each other on the numbers. Then, we show you how to reflect the 2 add-on acquisitions on the Income Statement, Balance Sheet, Cash Flow Statement, and Debt Schedules, and how to make the appropriate purchase price all...

    published: 04 Sep 2013
  • What's in a Real Estate Private Equity Case Study?

    In this tutorial video, you'll learn what to expect in real estate private equity case studies and you'll get an example of a real case study with the solution file and a walk-through of the key points. Please get all the files and the textual description and explanation here: http://www.mergersandinquisitions.com/real-estate-private-equity-case-study Table of Contents: 2:49 Part 1: The Types of RE PE Case Studies 7:59 Part 2: This Case Study and What Makes It Tricky 11:04 Part 3: How to Challenge the #s with Scenarios 15:56 Part 4: The Property Model 21:20 Part 5: The Investment Recommendation 23:26 Recap and Summary Part 1: The Types of RE PE Case Studies The 3 main types are core / core-plus, value-added, and opportunistic. In the first category, the property stays nearly th...

    published: 22 Jul 2015
  • Jason Lenga - Capitalising on unique acquisition opportunities and corporate strategy.

    Subscribe to the channel to watch all new videos as soon as they come out. Get your digital pass at https://www.startcon.com/ to see exclusive content from StartCon! ------------------------------------- As Head of Asia for multi-billion dollar hedge fund Tiger Global Jason will speak at length about the exciting acquisition opportunities he sees everyday and how your business can emulate the same excitement for other investors. Tiger global houses long-term investments in Facebook, Apple, Google and Linkedin. Previous to Tiger, Jason Lenga served as Managing Director of SEEK International responsible for identifying and capitalising on acquisition opportunities.

    published: 15 Feb 2018
  • The Staffordshire Hoard | Transforming Collections (Episode 1)

    Marking 40 years of Art Fund's partnership with the Wolfson Foundation, 'Transforming Collections' profiles four key acquisitions made possible through our joint funding. The first episode uncovers the incredible Staffordshire Hoard, acquired in 2010, after our a national campaign to raise the £3.3m needed to save this awe-inspiring find of Anglo-Saxon treasure for Birmingham Museum & Art Gallery and the Potteries Museum & Art Gallery in Stoke-on-Trent.

    published: 31 Jan 2018
  • 3. Who Invests in Private Equity

    Who invests in private equity? Investors in private equity are institutions and individuals. Institutions are defined as pension funds, endowments, and foundations. Currently (2016) individuals are comprised of family offices and select high net worth individuals. In the future, more and more people are going to be investing in private equity. In August 2015, Private Equity International compiled a list of the biggest investors in private equity. The list includes four categories of investors which include direct investors, fund investors, as well as investors that invest in co-investments and secondary investments. Direct investing is when an investor directly invests in private companies. It could be buying the entire company or a minority investment. Fund investing is when an in...

    published: 07 Jun 2016
developed with YouTube
Funding the Acquisition: The Nuts and Bolts of Debt Financing

Funding the Acquisition: The Nuts and Bolts of Debt Financing

  • Order:
  • Duration: 27:30
  • Updated: 21 Jul 2016
  • views: 1866
videos
featuring Steve Groya, Aldine Capital Partners
https://wn.com/Funding_The_Acquisition_The_Nuts_And_Bolts_Of_Debt_Financing
Raising bank finance to fund acquisitions

Raising bank finance to fund acquisitions

  • Order:
  • Duration: 2:26
  • Updated: 12 Feb 2012
  • views: 103
videos
Michael describes how Morgan Cradock helped two clients to raise capital. The first being ATSA that tripled group revenues with an acquisition and bank finance. The second being GPV Property that secured $1.5m in equity capital in 30 days.
https://wn.com/Raising_Bank_Finance_To_Fund_Acquisitions
Interview with Andrew Heinrich, Director of Acquisitions, Strategic Venture Fund, HK

Interview with Andrew Heinrich, Director of Acquisitions, Strategic Venture Fund, HK

  • Order:
  • Duration: 2:48
  • Updated: 27 Oct 2017
  • views: 15
videos
Interview with Andrew Heinrich, Director of Acquisitions, Strategic Venture Fund, HK at Mining Investment China
https://wn.com/Interview_With_Andrew_Heinrich,_Director_Of_Acquisitions,_Strategic_Venture_Fund,_Hk
Asset stripping can help fund acquisitions

Asset stripping can help fund acquisitions

  • Order:
  • Duration: 1:44
  • Updated: 30 Jun 2008
  • views: 407
videos
Buying a Business 12: You can strip unneeded assets out of both the acquirer and target firms to pay for acquisitions and streamline the businesses.
https://wn.com/Asset_Stripping_Can_Help_Fund_Acquisitions
Porta Communications CEO would not consider placing to fund acquisitions at current share price

Porta Communications CEO would not consider placing to fund acquisitions at current share price

  • Order:
  • Duration: 6:37
  • Updated: 11 Feb 2015
  • views: 207
videos
“Until we can get a share price that recognises what we’re doing and how we’re outperforming the market, I do not see it as an opportunity of raising equity in the market.” Those are the comments of David Wright, the chief executive of Porta Communications (LON:PTCM), who says that while there are acquisition targets out there, the PR and communications group “would have to be a bit more creative how we get our money”.
https://wn.com/Porta_Communications_Ceo_Would_Not_Consider_Placing_To_Fund_Acquisitions_At_Current_Share_Price
Hedge Fund Merger Arbitrage Strategy - Speculating on Pending Mergers/Acquisitions Part 3 🙋

Hedge Fund Merger Arbitrage Strategy - Speculating on Pending Mergers/Acquisitions Part 3 🙋

  • Order:
  • Duration: 7:30
  • Updated: 12 Jan 2018
  • views: 258
videos
Hedge Fund Strategy: Mergers & Takeovers Arbitrage. http://www.financial-spread-betting.com/Spread-trading-faqs.html PLEASE LIKE AND SHARE THIS VIDEO SO WE CAN DO MORE! Hedge funds trading strategies - hedge funds will implement specific strategies and bolt them into each individual fund they have and one of the things they do is merger arbitrage. Merger Arbitrage Strategy Explained. This is basically trading in companies involved in pending mergers/acquisitions The way I understand it is that when a company X bids to acquire another company Y the price of x will typically trade at a discount to the offered price because it is not certain that the deal will go thru. A hedge fund will calculate their risk:reward and may decide to buy company X because they believe there is a high chance of the bid succeeding. Very occasionally it will open at a higher price than the offered price and this is because the market believe that the initial bid will be refused and company Y will then offer a higher price offer. Hedge Fund Strategies Series (3 Parts) Hedge Fund Strategies, Short Only Hedge Fund Strategy - How Hedge Funds Invest Capital Part 1 🙋 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xiTKiVKcL3g Long/Short Equity Hedge Fund Strategy - 130/30 Strategy Explained Part 2 🙋 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ElGNbOUxjpQ Hedge Fund Merger Arbitrage Strategy - Speculating on Pending Mergers/Acquisitions Part 3 🙋 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zgYEHB93ri4
https://wn.com/Hedge_Fund_Merger_Arbitrage_Strategy_Speculating_On_Pending_Mergers_Acquisitions_Part_3_🙋
Kotak Mahindra may use SMBC stake sale proceeds to fund acquisitions

Kotak Mahindra may use SMBC stake sale proceeds to fund acquisitions

  • Order:
  • Duration: 2:37
  • Updated: 01 Jul 2010
  • views: 393
videos
Kotak Mahindra Bank has said Japan's Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corp will acquire 4.5 per cent stake, worth Rs 1,366 crore in the bank. Post the stake sale, the market is abuzz with Kotak Mahindra Bank scouting for possible targets in the domestic market.
https://wn.com/Kotak_Mahindra_May_Use_Smbc_Stake_Sale_Proceeds_To_Fund_Acquisitions
10. Review: Private Equity, Direct Investing, Fund Investing, Co-investing and Secondary Investing

10. Review: Private Equity, Direct Investing, Fund Investing, Co-investing and Secondary Investing

  • Order:
  • Duration: 3:50
  • Updated: 07 Jun 2016
  • views: 3420
videos
Review: Private Equity, Direct Investing, Fund Investing, Co-investing and Secondary Investing Investors can invest in private equity in four different ways: Directly, funds, co-investments and secondaries. Direct investing is when an investor directly invests in private companies. It could be buying the entire company or a minority investment. Fund investing is when an investor goes to a private equity fund and the private equity fund buys companies on the investor’s behalf. Co-investing is the most complicated option. For example, an investor invests $50 million in a private equity fund with co-investment rights, meaning that when the fund looks for opportunities it can allow the investor to participate not only through the fund, but directly as well. An example of this would be when a fund is looking at investment in a $40 million company. That investment needs $30 million equity and $10 million in debt. The equity portion given by the fund (without co-investing) would be $30 million dollars. In the case of co-investing, the fund gives $20 million (in which the investor is participating through the fund) with the remaining $10 million (i.e. The difference between the $20 million in equity given by the fund and the $30 million equity needed) is offered to the investor to do on a direct basis resulting in the fund investing $20 million and the investor investing $10 million. When investors invest into a fund, they pay full fees, typically paying a 2% management fee and a 20% performance fee (i.e. “two and twenty”). By investing $10 million directly, other than a small deal origination fee, investors are able to reduce their overall fees. (For more on fees see Video #4). The fourth way to invest in private equity is through secondaries. In this example our investor makes a commitment to invest $50 million in a private equity fund by giving about $10 to $20 million dollars to the private equity fund up front for the first two fund investments. As more acquisitions are made, the private equity fund makes capital calls to the investor. The investor is usually locked into the private equity fund for seven to ten years (or longer). If the investor wants out of this agreement, the commitment can be sold to other investors. The sale can be of the entire commitment (which would include the existing deals that the private equity fund was already made, plus future capital calls) or it can be done through a structured secondary (selling different parts) where the investor may want to keep the existing investments and just sell the future commitments. As easy as an investor can sell a secondary, it can buy one as well.
https://wn.com/10._Review_Private_Equity,_Direct_Investing,_Fund_Investing,_Co_Investing_And_Secondary_Investing
Acquisitions with shares | Stocks and bonds | Finance & Capital Markets | Khan Academy

Acquisitions with shares | Stocks and bonds | Finance & Capital Markets | Khan Academy

  • Order:
  • Duration: 3:47
  • Updated: 12 May 2011
  • views: 57885
videos
Mechanics of a share-based acquisition. Created by Sal Khan. Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/core-finance/stock-and-bonds/mergers-acquisitions/v/price-behavior-after-announced-acquisition?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=financeandcapitalmarkets Missed the previous lesson? Watch here: https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/core-finance/stock-and-bonds/dilution-tutorial/v/stock-dilution?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=financeandcapitalmarkets Finance and capital markets on Khan Academy: Companies often buy or merge with other companies using shares (which is sometimes less intuitive than when they use cash). This tutorial walks through the mechanics of how this happens and details what is likely to happen in the public markets because of the transaction (including opportunities for arbitrage). About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy’s Finance and Capital Markets channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCQ1Rt02HirUvBK2D2-ZO_2g?sub_confirmation=1 Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
https://wn.com/Acquisitions_With_Shares_|_Stocks_And_Bonds_|_Finance_Capital_Markets_|_Khan_Academy
The Funding Structure of Mergers and Acquisitions

The Funding Structure of Mergers and Acquisitions

  • Order:
  • Duration: 13:32
  • Updated: 09 Jul 2013
  • views: 990
videos
Deal Flow, the show that tracks merger and acquisition activity in Africa and beyond. Tonight Deal Flow looks at the funding structure of M&A deals in South Africa. How has the degree of debt put into deals shifted in recent years? And, with mooted TAX changes on acquisition funding, what is the prognosis for highly geared deals?
https://wn.com/The_Funding_Structure_Of_Mergers_And_Acquisitions
Value-Added Real Estate Private Equity Case Study

Value-Added Real Estate Private Equity Case Study

  • Order:
  • Duration: 30:19
  • Updated: 30 Sep 2015
  • views: 17837
videos
In this Value-Added Real Estate Private Equity Case Study tutorial video, you'll learn what to expect in real estate private equity case studies and you'll get an example of a real value-added RE PE case study with the solution file and a walk-through of the key points. Please get all the files and the textual description and explanation here: http://www.mergersandinquisitions.com/value-added-real-estate-private-equity-case-study/ Table of Contents: 2:41 Part 1: The Types of RE PE Case Studies 5:19 Part 2: This Case Study and What Makes It Tricky 12:40 Part 3: Why Excel is Horrible for This Case Study 16:59 The Scenarios in This Model 17:51 Part 4: The Property Model and Returns Analysis 26:39 Part 5: The Investment Recommendation 28:37 Recap and Summary Part 1: The Types of RE PE Case Studies The 3 main types are core / core-plus, value-added, and opportunistic. In the first category, the property stays nearly the same over the holding period and the market analysis is more important than a complex model. In the second category, the property changes significantly (more tenants, higher rents, a renovation, etc.) and the models tend to be more complex. The modeling often gets the most complex in the third category because a new property is developed, an existing one is redeveloped, or the building changes massively (e.g., rescuing a distressed property). The complexity also depends on how granular the model is - modeling individual tenants with different lease terms always gets more complicated than a high-level model with average unit sizes, square feet or square meters, etc. Part 2: This Case Study and What Makes It Tricky This case study is less about analyzing the market data, and more about getting all the Excel formulas correct, making the correct calculations, and finishing on time. Since we have information on 13 individual tenants in the building, we NEED to do a more granular analysis and look at each tenant separately. The Excel formulas for free months of rent, TIs and LCs, and other key terms in the leases are somewhat tricky to figure out. Part 3: Why Excel is Horrible for This Case Study The problem here is that there are two scenarios for each existing tenant: they might renew, or they might not renew, when their lease expires. If it's just these two scenarios you can do a reasonable job plotting them out in Excel. But when it goes beyond that - say, 2-year contracts over a 10-year period, resulting in 5 "renewal points" and 2^5 or 32 scenarios - Excel becomes unwieldy for this exercise. You're better off using ARGUS to model this if you have that level of complexity and an entire probability tree. As it stands, our formulas get quite complex here though they are not THAT difficult to understand if you break down the individual components. The Scenarios in This Model The main difference between the three scenarios here is that the occupancy rate stays the same, at 74%, in the Downside Case, whereas it increases to 80% in the Base Case because we find three new tenants, and it increases to 85% in the Upside Case as we find four new tenants. Also, the growth assumptions and the TIs, LCs, and other concessions such as free months of rent differ between the three cases and are most generous in the Upside Case and least generous in the Downside Case. Part 4: The Property Model and Returns Analysis In short, after setting up all the formulas for rent, free months of rent, absorption (the difference between market rent and in-place rent), turnover vacancy (the time between one tenant cancelling and moving out and finding a new one to replace him), and general vacancy, we fill out the rest of the Pro-Forma Model. We include all the operating expenses to determine the property's NOI, and then plot out the debt repayments over time and the interest expense paid on debt. The Acquisition/Exit assumptions and Sources & Uses schedule are all quite straightforward: we assume lower Exit Cap Rates due to the renovation, but there's less of a decline in the Downside Case. In the Returns Analysis, we set up a "waterfall schedule" to split and distribute the returns: up to a 10% IRR is split 80/20 between the LPs and GPs, then between a 10% and 15% IRR it's split 70/30, and then above 15% it's split 60/40. Part 5: The Investment Recommendation We recommend acquiring the property because the numbers work well and meet our targeted IRR and CoC multiple in the Base and Downside cases, the market data is positive, and we believe it's plausible for the occupancy rate and average rents to increase up to the market levels in the area. For the deal NOT to work, something catastrophic would have to happen: rents falling by 25%, the lease renewal rate dropping to 30%, or something in that vein... and we believe there are ways to mitigate against all those risks. http://www.mergersandinquisitions.com/value-added-real-estate-private-equity-case-study/
https://wn.com/Value_Added_Real_Estate_Private_Equity_Case_Study
Price behavior after announced acquisition | Finance & Capital Markets | Khan Academy

Price behavior after announced acquisition | Finance & Capital Markets | Khan Academy

  • Order:
  • Duration: 4:04
  • Updated: 12 May 2011
  • views: 48569
videos
Stock Price Behavior After Announced Acquisition with Shares. Created by Sal Khan. Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/core-finance/stock-and-bonds/mergers-acquisitions/v/simple-merger-arb-with-share-acquisition?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=financeandcapitalmarkets Missed the previous lesson? Watch here: https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/core-finance/stock-and-bonds/mergers-acquisitions/v/acquisitions-with-shares?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=financeandcapitalmarkets Finance and capital markets on Khan Academy: Companies often buy or merge with other companies using shares (which is sometimes less intuitive than when they use cash). This tutorial walks through the mechanics of how this happens and details what is likely to happen in the public markets because of the transaction (including opportunities for arbitrage). About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy’s Finance and Capital Markets channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCQ1Rt02HirUvBK2D2-ZO_2g?sub_confirmation=1 Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
https://wn.com/Price_Behavior_After_Announced_Acquisition_|_Finance_Capital_Markets_|_Khan_Academy
Investment Banking Interview Preparation

Investment Banking Interview Preparation

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  • Duration: 57:13
  • Updated: 15 Jan 2015
  • views: 126957
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This is an overview of what to expect in a first round investment banking interview.
https://wn.com/Investment_Banking_Interview_Preparation
Tristan Walker: ‘No one wants to fund e-commerce companies anymore’ | Code Commerce 2017

Tristan Walker: ‘No one wants to fund e-commerce companies anymore’ | Code Commerce 2017

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  • Duration: 38:05
  • Updated: 22 Mar 2017
  • views: 17661
videos
When Tristan Walker decided to raise venture capital money for his new startup, a health and beauty company that makes products for people of color, the fact that he was running a tech company — not a retail company — was key. “When I started, I said we’re a tech company. That’s bullshit,” Walker said at Recode’s Code Commerce conference in Las Vegas. “If you go to any kind of venture capital firm on Sand Hill Road and you say you want to build a retail business, you’re not going to raise any money. So to say that you’re a direct-to-consumer e-commerce business focused on subscriptions ... it allows us to really talk about how we kind of focused on tech.” That strategy worked. Walker’s startup, Walker & Company, has raised $33 million from well-known VC firms like Andreessen Horowitz and Google Ventures; its flagship brand Bevel, a line of razor blades and lotions for people with “coarse and curly hair,” is sold in major retail stores like Target. ------- Subscribe: https://goo.gl/FRleYo Check out our full video catalog: https://goo.gl/JeqE6e Follow Recode on Twitter: https://goo.gl/n4jVhu Follow Recode on Instagram: https://goo.gl/k8KXjH Read more: http://recode.net/
https://wn.com/Tristan_Walker_‘No_One_Wants_To_Fund_E_Commerce_Companies_Anymore’_|_Code_Commerce_2017
Basic leveraged buyout (LBO) | Stocks and bonds | Finance & Capital Markets | Khan Academy

Basic leveraged buyout (LBO) | Stocks and bonds | Finance & Capital Markets | Khan Academy

  • Order:
  • Duration: 5:36
  • Updated: 12 May 2011
  • views: 167823
videos
The mechanics of a simple leveraged buy-out. Created by Sal Khan. Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/core-finance/stock-and-bonds/bonds-tutorial/v/corporate-debt-versus-traditional-mortgages?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=financeandcapitalmarkets Missed the previous lesson? Watch here: https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/core-finance/stock-and-bonds/mergers-acquisitions/v/simple-merger-arb-with-share-acquisition?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=financeandcapitalmarkets Finance and capital markets on Khan Academy: Private equity firms often borrow money (use leverage) to buy companies. This tutorial explains how they do it and pay the debt. About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy’s Finance and Capital Markets channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCQ1Rt02HirUvBK2D2-ZO_2g?sub_confirmation=1 Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
https://wn.com/Basic_Leveraged_Buyout_(Lbo)_|_Stocks_And_Bonds_|_Finance_Capital_Markets_|_Khan_Academy
Trifon Says IPO to Fund New Technolgy Acquisitions: Video

Trifon Says IPO to Fund New Technolgy Acquisitions: Video

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  • Duration: 3:07
  • Updated: 23 Mar 2012
  • views: 80
videos
Aug. 11 (Bloomberg) -- Gal Trifon, chief executive officer for MediaMind Technologies Inc., talks about the company's initial public offering and growth strategy. Trifon speaks with Margaret Brennan on Bloomberg Television's "InBusiness." (Source: Bloomberg)
https://wn.com/Trifon_Says_Ipo_To_Fund_New_Technolgy_Acquisitions_Video
Special Purpose Acquisition Company (SPAC) Explained

Special Purpose Acquisition Company (SPAC) Explained

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  • Duration: 45:55
  • Updated: 12 Oct 2017
  • views: 464
videos
What is a special purpose acquisition company (SPAC)? What is a blank check company? Both a SPAC and blank check company are publicly-traded shell companies that raise collective investment funds through an initial public offering (IPO) in the form of a blind pool. The funds are placed into a trust until an acquisition is made or a predetermined period of time elapses and the fund is liquidated. A SPAC can be used in two different ways; 1) As an alternative investment vehicle where investors can participate alongside an experienced PE investor or management team in making a value-oriented acquisition 2) As a vehicle to complete a reverse merger and take a private company public in a much cheaper and more profitable way for current owners There are many considerations and questions that are covered and answered in this video; - Are SPACs like private equity investments? - What are the key differences between a SPAC and an IPO? - What is the reverse takeover process? - What are the advantages of a SPAC to investors? Target companies? Sponsors? - Why is a SPAC bid considered weaker to target companies than a normal bidding company? - What are the rules overseeing SPACs in Canada? The United States? Here is the TPG Pace Energy SPAC article published on CNBC; https://www.cnbc.com/2017/05/05/unusual-blank-check-company-began-trading-nyse-for-first-time.html A in-depth guide to the SPACs listed on the TSX can be found below; https://www.tsx.com/resource/en/1359/tsx-spac-guide-2016-07-19-en.pdf If you have any other questions, please comment below. If you enjoyed the video and found it helpful, please like and subscribe to FinanceKid for more videos soon! For those who may be interested in finance and investing, I suggest you check out my Seeking Alpha profile where I write about the market and different investment opportunities. I conduct a full analysis on companies and countries while also commenting on relevant news stories. http://seekingalpha.com/author/robert-bezede/articles#regular_articles
https://wn.com/Special_Purpose_Acquisition_Company_(Spac)_Explained
Merger Model: Cash, Debt, and Stock Mix

Merger Model: Cash, Debt, and Stock Mix

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  • Duration: 19:59
  • Updated: 21 Oct 2014
  • views: 22768
videos
In this merger model lesson, you'll learn how a company might decide what mix of cash, debt, and stock it might use to fund... By http://breakingintowallstreet.com/ "Financial Modeling Training And Career Resources For Aspiring Investment Bankers" ... might use to fund a merger or an acquisition - and you'll understand how to determine the appropriate amount of each one in a deal. 2:24 General Order of Funding for M&A Deals 4:49 Cash - How Much Can You Use? 9:56 Debt - How Much Can You Use? 14:08 Stock - How Much Can You Use? 16:32 Exceptions 18:03 Recap and Summary How Do You Determine the Cash / Stock / Debt Mix in an M&A Deal? Very common interview question, and you also need to know it for what you do on the job. 3 ways to fund a company, and to fund acquisitions of other companies: use cash on-hand, borrow the money from other entities (debt), or issue equity (stock) to new investors. But how does a buyer in an M&A deal decide whether it should use… 50% debt and 50% stock vs. 33% debt, 33% stock, and 33% cash vs. 50% cash and 50% debt vs…. And the list goes on. Easiest: Think about the "cost" of each method, start with the cheapest method, use the most of THAT method that you can, and then move to the next cheapest method, and continue like that. GENERALLY: Cheapest: Cash, since interest rates on cash are lower than interest rates on debt, and tend to be low in general. Next Cheapest: Debt, since it is still cheaper than equity and since interest paid on debt is tax-deductible. Most Expensive: Stock, since the Cost of Equity tends to exceed the Cost of Debt… in theory and in practice. To Compare Them: Look at the "After-Tax Yields"… for debt and cash, just take the Interest Rate and multiply by (1 - Buyer's Tax Rate). Stock: Take the buyer's Net Income and divide by its Equity Value (or "flip" its P / E multiple). SO: Always start with cash, use the most you can, then move to debt, use the most you can, and finish up with stock. Cash - How Much is "The Most You Can?" Easy: Company has minimal cash and can't use anything, or it has a huge cash balance and can use all of it. More Common Case: Look at the company's "minimum" cash balance and use the excess cash above that to fund the deal. EX: Company has $500 million in cash right now, but its minimum cash balance to keep operating is $200 million… So it can use $300 million of its cash to fund the deal. How to Determine: Can be tough, but sometimes companies disclose it… ...or you can look back at historical cash balances and make a guesstimate based on that (what was its lowest cash balance in past years?). Debt - How Much Can You Use? So let's say you've now used $300 million of cash to fund the deal… but it's a deal for $1 billion total. How much debt can you use to fund the remainder? $700 million? $300 million? $500 million? Easiest Method: Calculate the key credit stats and ratios for the combined company - for example: Total Debt / EBITDA Net Debt / EBITDA EBITDA / Interest Expense And see what amount of debt makes these look "reasonable", in line with historical figures and also figures for comparable companies. EX: Let's say that if the company uses $500 million of debt, its Debt / EBITDA is 4x. Historically, it has been around 2-3x, and no peer company is levered at more than 3.5x. If that's the case, we'd say that 3.5x - 4.0x is probably the "maximum" (whatever amount of debt that means). Here: We have the Debt / EBITDA and other ratios for the Men's Wearhouse / Jos. A. Bank peer companies. Stock - Now What? Often used as the "method of last resort" because: A) It tends to be the most expensive method for most companies. B) Most acquirers don't like giving up ownership and diluting existing shareholders unless absolutely necessary. So in this example, if we've used $300 million of cash and $500 million of debt, we're still not quite at $1 billion... need an extra $200 million, which we can get by issuing stock. # of Shares = $200 million / Buyer's Share Price. Technically, there's no real "limit," but it would be very odd for a company to give up more than, say, 50% ownership to another company… unless they're very close in size. Exceptions: Buyer has an exceptionally high P / E multiple (Amazon) - stock might be the cheapest! Buyer wants to do a tax-free deal (Google / YouTube) and it's much bigger anyway, so won't make a difference. Companies are similarly sized - stock might always be necessary because cash/debt are implausible (mergers of equals). Summary Which purchase method do you use? MOST relevant when companies are closer in size… doesn't make much difference when the buyer is 100x or 1000x bigger than the seller. Order: 1. Cash - Any excess cash above the company's minimum cash balance. 2. Debt - To the upper range of the Debt / EBITDA of comparables (and other metrics). 3. Stock - For any remaining funding that's required; ideally give up well under 50% ownership.
https://wn.com/Merger_Model_Cash,_Debt,_And_Stock_Mix
Hedge fund strategies: Merger arbitrage 1 | Finance & Capital Markets | Khan Academy

Hedge fund strategies: Merger arbitrage 1 | Finance & Capital Markets | Khan Academy

  • Order:
  • Duration: 5:02
  • Updated: 11 May 2011
  • views: 92727
videos
Simple case of merger arbitrage when there is an all cash acquisition. Created by Sal Khan. Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/core-finance/investment-vehicles-tutorial/investment-consumption/v/risk-and-reward-introduction?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=financeandcapitalmarkets Missed the previous lesson? Watch here: https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/core-finance/investment-vehicles-tutorial/hedge-funds/v/hedge-fund-strategies-long-short-2?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=financeandcapitalmarkets Finance and capital markets on Khan Academy: Hedge funds have absolutely nothing to do with shrubbery. Their name comes from the fact that early hedge funds (and some current ones) tried to "hedge" their exposure to the market (so they could, in theory, do well in an "up" or "down" market as long as they were good at picking the good companies). Today, hedge funds represent a huge class investment funds. They are far less regulated than, say, mutual funds. In exchange for this, they aren't allowed to market or take investments from "unsophisticated" investors. Some use their flexibility to mitigate risk, other use it to amplify it. About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy’s Finance and Capital Markets channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCQ1Rt02HirUvBK2D2-ZO_2g?sub_confirmation=1 Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
https://wn.com/Hedge_Fund_Strategies_Merger_Arbitrage_1_|_Finance_Capital_Markets_|_Khan_Academy
LBO Model - Add-On Acquisitions (Dell Case Study)

LBO Model - Add-On Acquisitions (Dell Case Study)

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  • Duration: 35:41
  • Updated: 04 Sep 2013
  • views: 6736
videos
In this tutorial, we walk through Silver Lake's $24 billion leveraged buyout of Dell and explain the tasks you might have to complete if you were to analyze this deal as part of a case study in a private equity interview. By http://www.mergersandinquisitions.com/ "Discover How To Break Into Investment Banking or Private Equity, The Easy Way" In Part 4 of the case study, we walk you through how to find information to make the appropriate assumptions for potential post-buyout add-on acquisitions after the initial leveraged buyout closes, and why some of our sources contradict each other on the numbers. Then, we show you how to reflect the 2 add-on acquisitions on the Income Statement, Balance Sheet, Cash Flow Statement, and Debt Schedules, and how to make the appropriate purchase price allocation assumptions and pro-forma Balance Sheet adjustments. Please see the link below to get all the Excel files and PDFs and other resources. http://www.mergersandinquisitions.com/leveraged-buyout-lbo-model-add-on-acquisitions/
https://wn.com/Lbo_Model_Add_On_Acquisitions_(Dell_Case_Study)
What's in a Real Estate Private Equity Case Study?

What's in a Real Estate Private Equity Case Study?

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  • Duration: 25:13
  • Updated: 22 Jul 2015
  • views: 31508
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In this tutorial video, you'll learn what to expect in real estate private equity case studies and you'll get an example of a real case study with the solution file and a walk-through of the key points. Please get all the files and the textual description and explanation here: http://www.mergersandinquisitions.com/real-estate-private-equity-case-study Table of Contents: 2:49 Part 1: The Types of RE PE Case Studies 7:59 Part 2: This Case Study and What Makes It Tricky 11:04 Part 3: How to Challenge the #s with Scenarios 15:56 Part 4: The Property Model 21:20 Part 5: The Investment Recommendation 23:26 Recap and Summary Part 1: The Types of RE PE Case Studies The 3 main types are core / core-plus, value-added, and opportunistic. In the first category, the property stays nearly the same over the holding period and the market analysis is more important than a complex model. In the second category, the property changes significantly (more tenants, higher rents, a renovation, etc.) and the models tend to be more complex. The modeling often gets the most complex in the third category because a new property is developed, an existing one is redeveloped, or the building changes massively (e.g., rescuing a distressed property). The complexity also depends on how granular the model is - modeling individual tenants with different lease terms always gets more complicated than a high-level model with average unit sizes, square feet or square meters, etc. Part 2: This Case Study and What Makes It Tricky The trick here is that the case study is more about figuring out the proper OPERATING scenarios, NOT modeling all the units in granular detail. The market will almost certainly experience a downturn and recovery at some point, so you must factor that into the 10-year model. Part 3: How to Challenge the #s with Scenarios We use an Immediate Downturn, Recovery, Stabilized scenario and then a High Growth, Downturn, Recovery, and Stabilized scenario in addition to the Base Case numbers. The importance of these scenarios is that the assumptions are all interrelated for real estate - if rents fall, the vacancy rate is almost certainly rising, as are tenant improvements and leasing commissions since landlords must pay more to win new tenants in a soft market. So you need to reflect those relationships in each phase of your model. Part 4: The Property Model We always start with the total potential rental income, add other income, subtract vacancies and collection losses, then subtract OpEx, Property Taxes, and Maintenance CapEx, and then subtract capital costs and debt service to determine the cash flow. We use IPMT and PPMT for the debt service calculations, and also look at the interest coverage ratio and debt service coverage ratio (DSCR). At the end, we also calculate the IRR and NPV and value the property with a DCF, ultimately concluding that we would be unlikely to realize a 10% IRR here. Part 5: The Investment Recommendation We recommend against acquiring the property because the numbers don't work, $120 million is too high an asking price, the DSCR requirements might be problematic, and the assumptions would have to be far more optimistic for the deal to work. http://www.mergersandinquisitions.com/real-estate-private-equity-case-study
https://wn.com/What's_In_A_Real_Estate_Private_Equity_Case_Study
Jason Lenga - Capitalising on unique acquisition opportunities and corporate strategy.

Jason Lenga - Capitalising on unique acquisition opportunities and corporate strategy.

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  • Duration: 27:26
  • Updated: 15 Feb 2018
  • views: 1
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Subscribe to the channel to watch all new videos as soon as they come out. Get your digital pass at https://www.startcon.com/ to see exclusive content from StartCon! ------------------------------------- As Head of Asia for multi-billion dollar hedge fund Tiger Global Jason will speak at length about the exciting acquisition opportunities he sees everyday and how your business can emulate the same excitement for other investors. Tiger global houses long-term investments in Facebook, Apple, Google and Linkedin. Previous to Tiger, Jason Lenga served as Managing Director of SEEK International responsible for identifying and capitalising on acquisition opportunities.
https://wn.com/Jason_Lenga_Capitalising_On_Unique_Acquisition_Opportunities_And_Corporate_Strategy.
The Staffordshire Hoard | Transforming Collections (Episode 1)

The Staffordshire Hoard | Transforming Collections (Episode 1)

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  • Duration: 4:07
  • Updated: 31 Jan 2018
  • views: 260
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Marking 40 years of Art Fund's partnership with the Wolfson Foundation, 'Transforming Collections' profiles four key acquisitions made possible through our joint funding. The first episode uncovers the incredible Staffordshire Hoard, acquired in 2010, after our a national campaign to raise the £3.3m needed to save this awe-inspiring find of Anglo-Saxon treasure for Birmingham Museum & Art Gallery and the Potteries Museum & Art Gallery in Stoke-on-Trent.
https://wn.com/The_Staffordshire_Hoard_|_Transforming_Collections_(Episode_1)
3. Who Invests in Private Equity

3. Who Invests in Private Equity

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  • Duration: 5:40
  • Updated: 07 Jun 2016
  • views: 5046
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Who invests in private equity? Investors in private equity are institutions and individuals. Institutions are defined as pension funds, endowments, and foundations. Currently (2016) individuals are comprised of family offices and select high net worth individuals. In the future, more and more people are going to be investing in private equity. In August 2015, Private Equity International compiled a list of the biggest investors in private equity. The list includes four categories of investors which include direct investors, fund investors, as well as investors that invest in co-investments and secondary investments. Direct investing is when an investor directly invests in private companies. It could be buying the entire company or a minority investment. Fund investing is when an investor goes to a private equity fund and the private equity fund buys companies on the investor’s behalf. Co-investing is the most complicated option. For instance, an investor invests $50 million in a private equity fund with co-investment rights, meaning that when the fund looks for opportunities it can allow the investor to participate not only through the fund, but directly as well. An example of this would be when a fund is looking at investment in a $40 million company. That investment needs $30 million equity and $10 million in debt. The equity portion given by the fund (without co-investing) would be $30 million dollars. In the case of co-investing, the fund gives $20 million (in which the investor is participating through the fund) with the remaining $10 million (i.e. the difference between the $20 million in equity given by the fund and the $30 million equity needed) is offered to the investor to do on a direct basis resulting in the fund investing $20 million and the investor investing $10 million. When investors invest into a fund, they pay full “two and twenty” fees (i.e. typically paying a 2% management fee and a 20% performance fee). By investing $10 million directly, other than a small deal origination fee, investors are able to reduce their overall fees. (For more on fees see the following video). The fourth way to invest in private equity is through secondaries. In this example, our investor makes a commitment to invest $50 million in a private equity fund by giving about $10 to $20 million dollars to the private equity fund up front for the first two fund investments. As more acquisitions are made, the private equity fund makes capital calls to the investor. The investor is usually locked into the private equity fund for seven to ten years (or longer). If the investor wants out of this agreement, the commitment can be sold to other investors. The sale can be of the entire commitment (which would include the existing deals that the private equity fund was already made, plus future capital calls) or it can be done through a structured secondary (selling different parts) where the investor may want to keep the existing investments and just sell the future commitments. As easy as an investor can sell a secondary, it can buy one as well. Returning to the August 2015 list of all the types of investments in private equity compiled by Private Equity International, we see that the Canada Pension Plan Investment Board (CPPIB) tops the list. CPPIB participates in all types of investments including direct, fund investments, co-investments, and secondaries. One of its most notable investments was in Skype. Skype was purchased from eBay in 2009 and sold to Microsoft in 2011. CPPIB had a small portion of that deals. In 2009, CPPIB invested $300 million and in 2011 it received $933 million. Yes, that’s right; CPPIB put in $300 million and received $933 million back in two years. Not too bad! To recap: Investors in private equity are institutions including pensions like CPPIB, endowments, foundations, and individuals. In 2016, individuals are mostly family offices and select high net worth individuals. In the future, more and more people are going to have access to private equity.
https://wn.com/3._Who_Invests_In_Private_Equity